Vascular surgery is a term for surgery involving the veins or circulatory system, including peripheral vascular surgery, vein surgery and vascular access surgery. Among the more common vascular surgeries are:
Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Angioplasty with Stenting
Carotid endarterectomy and carotid angioplasty with stenting are two similar procedures used to treat carotid artery disease when arteries have become narrow or blocked. The carotid arteries are the main ones used to carry blood to the brain. Surgery can remove plaque and other buildup narrowing the arteries to restore blood flow. Carotid angioplasty is minimally invasive surgery. A surgeon inserts a long, hollow tube called a catheter into the blocked artery. A balloon at the end of the catheter is inflated to remove the blockage. To learn more about these two procedures, click here.
Leg Ulcer Surgery
Leg ulcers can develop after blood backs up in leg veins and seeps into tissues. This makes the tissues more susceptible to injuries, and can become chronic wounds if left untreated. Skin grafting surgery can replace the ulcer with healthy skin.
Port or Portacath Placement
Patients who are repeatedly drawing blood or getting intravenous medicine might benefit from a port, or portacath. The port is placed under the skin and connected to a vein with a catheter. Blood can be drawn through the port, or drugs can be injected through it with less discomfort than comes from repeated sticks. The procedure to place this port under the skin is called portacath placement.